Image Details

Choose export citation format:

Mapping Distances across the Perseus Molecular Cloud Using CO Observations, Stellar Photometry, and Gaia DR2 Parallax Measurements

  • Authors: Catherine Zucker, Edward F. Schlafly, Joshua S. Speagle, Gregory M. Green, Stephen K. N. Portillo, Douglas P. Finkbeiner, and Alyssa A. Goodman

2018 The Astrophysical Journal 869 83.

  • Provider: AAS Journals

Caption: Figure 11.

(a) Combined 12CO (red) and 13CO (blue) integrated intensity map of Perseus (Ridge et al. 2006). The boundaries we define for each region (same as in Figure 1(b)) are shown in black. The centroid of each polygon is marked with a different colored point. (b) An R.A.–velocity diagram of Perseus, with the same color scale as panel (a). The colored points show the peak-reddening velocity (dark points) and average-reddening weighted velocity (light points) as a function of R.A. for each cloud. The error bars in R.A. show the horizontal extents of the polygons overlaid in panel (a). (c) Average reddening-weighted distance to each region as a function of R.A. (d) A velocity–decl. diagram of Perseus, with the same color scale as panel (a). The colored points show the decl. as a function of peak-reddening velocity (dark points) and average-reddening weighted velocity (light points). The error bars in decl. show the vertical extents of the polygons overlaid in panel (a). (e) The average reddening-weighted distance to each region as a function of its peak-reddening velocity (dark points) and average reddening-weighted velocity (light points). We find that the cloud distances tend to increase with both average reddening-weighted velocity and R.A. In total, the velocity gradient of ≈5 km s−1 maps to a distance gradient of about 25 pc. The uncertainty provided on distance accounts only for the statistical uncertainty and does not include any systematic uncertainty, which we estimate to be 0.1 mag in distance modulus or 5% in distance (see Section 7).

Other Images in This Article

Show More

Copyright and Terms & Conditions

Additional terms of reuse