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The Extreme Space Weather Event in 1903 October/November: An Outburst from the Quiet Sun

  • Authors: Hisashi Hayakawa, Paulo Ribeiro, José M. Vaquero, María Cruz Gallego, Delores J. Knipp, Florian Mekhaldi, Ankush Bhaskar, Denny M. Oliveira, Yuta Notsu, Víctor M. S. Carrasco, Ana Caccavari, Bhaskara Veenadhari, Shyamoli Mukherjee, and Yusuke Ebihara

2020 The Astrophysical Journal Letters 897 L10.

  • Provider: AAS Journals

Caption: Figure 5.

Auroral visibility between 1903 October 30 and November 1. The red dots show auroral observational sites in this interval of time (see the Appendix), whereas blue dots show the reference geomagnetic stations we used in this study (see Table 1). The magnetic latitude is computed on the basis of dipole assumption of IGRF12 model (Thébault et al. 2015).

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